The specialist ships at the heart of the CO₂ value chain


Creating a global value chain for captured CO₂ could turn a liability into an asset and contribute to plans to reach net zero by 2050. Shipping could play a crucial role in this chain.

Carbon capture technology has been described as a critical component of the energy transition by the International Energy Agency’s Executive Director, Fatih Birol. But what happens to CO₂ emissions once they have been captured?

Carbon dioxide extracted from industrial exhaust flues is liquefied in preparation for long-haul transportation, often by sea.

On arrival, the liquid CO₂ is compressed ready to be securely stored underground or used in a growing range of applications, ranging from chemical production to putting the fizz in carbonated drinks.

The specialist CO₂L-Blue large-scale liquefied CO₂ carrier ship designed by Mitsubishi Shipbuilding, a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) Group company, could play a vital role in facilitating global CO₂ movements. The ships are part of a physical and digital platform intended to connect physical extraction sites with end users.

Watch this animated graphic to follow the journey of captured CO₂ from flue gas to offtakers around the world.

Johnny Wood

Johnny Wood

Johnny Wood has been a journalist for over 15 years working in different parts of the world – Asia, Europe and Middle East. He specialises in the energy transition, sustainability and innovation.

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